364 . The Best Instruments for the best Musicians of Venice

364 . The Best Instruments for the best Musicians of Venice

 

02 La Pieta Orphan Girls Orcestra Venice.jpgpicture 1 – ‚THE LA PIETA GIRLS ORCHESTRA OF THE REPUBLIC OF VENICE‘

They continued their Peony Gondola Dream and it was like that:

The Gondola moved soft in the evening waters of the Canale Grande and Palmina put her head on Palma’s side and felt so secure.
During their common Music Vision she felt surrounded by thousands of roses – All the Roses – All the music light roses she saw and felt in her heart!

Palmina wanted to ask Palma for the music score of this music piece and Palma could feel it.
Palma smiled. During that he remembered that today a bird sung at 4 a.m. in the morning bringing Palma a bird message, Palma stood up and looked out of the morning to listen every tweet of Palmina.
(Palmina tried to send him 3 times Messenger and he could feel and hear it).

„Here I have the music score, my Palmina, mia docissima Mia!“

Palmina feels that this music touched her heart very, very much and Palmina looked into Palma’s eyes and Palma looked also into her shining eyes.

„This evening you played so beautiful on my new lute. How do you like it? Is it a good instrument, Palmina?“

„Oh, yes, I love it. It is so nice to play on it. It is a master work – From the best lute maker from Venice…“

Palma took the instrument in his hands lifted it a little bit and said: „This lute is for you Palmina, ordered by the best lute maker of Venice, the most famous in whole Europe, from the whole World!“

„Woooh“, This is for me?“
Her eyes looked like a little deer.
„Oh, thank you! Really? Oh, Palma!
Such a good instrument! Oh, Palma! This is sure the most expensive lute in the world!?“

Palma smiled shy as if he does not know what she means and looked up to the soft evening sky over Venice.
Palmina hugged Palma like a little girl and kissed him shy and tender on his cheeks several times – and: Palma could feel it and smiled.

* * *

The next day Palma il Giovane was at the La Pieta Music School where the orphan girls waited all together in the music rehearsal and dining room.

Palma made it possible that Palmina can give music lessons for the girls as music teacher there at the music school, which is near to her family house, the bakery shop along the cale de la Peieta.

„Now, my dear angels…“, the nun said to all the orphan girls,
„…Signore Palma il Giovane, who composed for us a lot of artworks in the last years is here and he has announced that every girl who is playing or learning music instrument will get new a high quality music instrument made from the best instrument builder from the Republic of Venice!!!“

The girls looked at each other – after a moment of silence they smiled, jumped and cried of joy and luck and made a long applause for Palma il Giovane.

01 LA Pieta Orphan Girls Orcestra from Venice

picture 2 – The La Pieta Girls Orchestra playing on their new music instruments

„Graaaaazie! Mille, mille grazie, Maestro Palma il Giovane!!!“

-„Really…we will get new instruments!!! We will be the best girls orchestra of Europe, of the whole world!“

And Palma gave a sign to Palmina to bring the music instruments builder which waited outside.

„Oh, so much new instruments, all for us…“

„This is for me, I play Cello!“
„This is for me, I play the Violin“
„and I play the Lute!
“ I play the harpsichord – oh a new harpsicord – for me!!!“
„…an Oboe for me and for you a Mandolin, look!“
„and there they bring a Viola, and all Viola da Gamba!!“
„Trumpets, Clarinets, a Mono-chord for theoretic music studies!!
„and, and this is a flute for me!!!“, a younger little girl said!

And all their cheeks get light red and all their eyes shined.

Now this seems Christmas in summer.
Palma observed like a father how the orphan girls where lucky.

The nuns where surprised by so much new music instruments and hold their hands over their open mouth and could not believe that Palma il Giovane is supporting these girls orchestra so much.

The elder superior nun whispered to her colleague:“Once we all thought Palma will adopt or marry one of our girls. Now he supports our orchestra….Last month he sponsored us a golden tablet which has the words on it:

‚THE LA PIETA GIRLS ORCHESTRA OF THE REPUBLIC OF VENICE‘

We are so lucky to have him as sponsor. Soon we will make a concert tour to Vienna, Austria with our choir and Orchestra. At the Renaissance Palais Ferstel in the 1.District“

„..Yes, but our girls are really good musicians, aren’t they?“
„And they like Palma’s compositions, so they will perform his artworks…“.
„Sometimes he is like a father, often he comes and tell to the girls good-night-stories for the girls in our rehearsal hall…
Often legends from the Life of Master Titian and his secret love the lute playing musician… she lived here in Venice…“
The older nun listened and nodded understanding.

* * *

Again at the 23 p.m. in the Gondola under the evening stars of Venice:

Palmina plays on her new lute and Palma listened very interested.

No one bought Palmina in her whole life such a beautiful and high quality music instrument not even her father.
But Palma did it. Palma il Giovane said: „I wanted to give you this Lute in the public. But we decided to make our Gondola tour…

Palmina played and Palma listened and the golden light was again between their hearts.

„…Yes…yes….I need these moments of pure music and art inspiration, Palmina. There are so much honor guests in our Palazzo…
I can not concentrate there….sometimes… because I feel so tired after the painting work…“

„…I know Palma, Often the honor guests are asking to see the famous Palma il Giovane, Mihaela said, wondering where you are…
Mihaela told them that you are working on an art inspiration…“, Palmina said with her soft voice.

„Yes, this is the truth…“

And both looked at Palma’s music score and they heard this Peony Gondola Music Vision like that:

VIDEO: (music score video) The Mystic Light Rose by Gerald Spitzner – https://youtu.be/Qy-4AoBantk

(to be continued…)

 

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner/

 


 

352. Ancora una Volta, Palma!

352. Ancora una Volta, Palma!

01 IMG_20200402_154835

picture 1 – Gondola and Rialto Bridge in Venice
 

Today a bird sung in the morning in the little garden, bringing a message for Palma il Giovane.
Palma listened and was lucky.
He send Palmina an imaginary heart-to-heart kiss and Palmina could feel it.
Palmina smiled also.

Now they continued to dream their Peony Gondola Dream and it was like that:

* * *

After they played together on the Rialto Bridge the „Waiting on the Rialto Bridge“ – Song Palmina made a soft sigh and said with her soft voice like a Pigeon:
„Oh, Palma! Bellissima“ Tai haude! – Ancora una volta, Palma! – Once More, Palma!“
„Certo, mia dolcissima columba! Wode zui ke aide gezi! My sweetest pigeon!“

And Palma lifted his Mandolin and made silent „uno, due, tre“ with his mandolin and now they played together once more and they looked each other into their eyes and smiled.
And there was again the golden light between their hearts.

VIDEO: „Waiting at the Rialto bridge“ by Gerald Spitzner
Mandolin (Violin or Pipa) +Guitar (Lute or Piano ) – https://youtu.be/HggoNeJE7K4

„Waiting at the Rialto Bridge“ by Gerald Spitzner

music: composed by Gerald Spitzner
Mandolin: Gerald Spitzner
Guitar: Gerald Spitzner

And Palma and Palmina made music and played and played.

During the music they remembered that they often met there to exchange their letter-pigeons sitting in a big golden cage.

They saw also the people of the 16th century going along the Rialto bridge like in a remembering-Vision.

Palma’s cage stood under the north arc of the Rialto Bridge with his Pigeon – Palmina’s cage stood under the south arc with her Pigeon.

IMG_20200215_104727

picture 2 – Letter Pigeons

Palmina took Palma’s cage and Palma took Palmina’s cage.

So they could send each other a little letter with the help of the letter Pigeons.
This they made because it often happened that their normal mail was stolen in the 16th century by the illegal criminal church of O.S.

The bird-mail was more secure than the normal mail.

Both thought now about this remembering, both smiled.

Is this not like once? – Today Palmina send a little heart message on facebook Messenger but someone stole her message, read it and erased it – maybe a facebook administrator payed by the church of O.S. with money.

Sometimes Palmina recorded herself on the Pipa Lute and send an audio-recording to Palma but, facebook Messanger blocked her audio-file and on Palma’s handy there was no audio-file by Palmina any more since once.

But here in the Peony Gondola they can communicate from heart-to-heart and make music from heart-to-heart in the golden light.
„Palma?“, Palmina asked looking shy and innocent,
„Can I have the music score?…“

And Palma was lucky that she asked him for the music score – of course he gave it to her.

Palmina said lucky: „Woooh! I love it! Oh, Palma! My composer! Ti amo! Wo ai ni! Mille grazie! henduo XieXie!“

And Palmina wanted to jump on her place like a little bird and smiled and she took the music score and touched with her cheek the paper and kissed it tender.

„Like once, in the 16th century…“, Palma thought happy.
„This is my Palmina, my Pigeon, my little yellow canary bird, my inspiration, my Santa Cecilia, my big old love…“

pictures – music score of „Waiting on the Rialto Bridge“

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(to be continued…)

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Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story »Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner
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✮ 315. Palma as supporter of artist in the 16th century ✮

✮ 315. Palma as supporter of artist in the 16th century ✮

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola Vision and they saw this:

* * *

picture 1 - view of the different places where composer Gabrieli and composer Monteverdi placed his several choirs (often 3 or 4) and instrumental groups within the same composition in this San Marco Cathedral in Venice.jpg

picture 1 – view of the different places where composer Gabrieli and composer Monteverdi placed his several choirs (often 3 or 4) and instrumental groups within the same composition in this San Marco Cathedral in Venice

After Cousine Mihaela sung so beautiful her Sopran Aria, Master Gabrieli stood up from the Organ to conduct several Choirs.

They sung also a composition of Gabrieli composed for several choirs and instrument groups, standing at different positions in the Church Basilica San Marco in Venice.

»It sounds to be like in heaven!«, Giulia, Palma’s younger daughter said.
Palma was lucky that his daughter’s are interested in arts and music. Giulia is also making progress in her study of painting in the Titian academy.
Giulia is finishing Palma’s painting with landscapes, trees, the buildings etc… in the background part of his paintings.
Palma smiled to his Giulia proud.

From all directions, from up left and from up right, there is coming choir- and ensemble music.

»Did Master Gabrieli compose this music piece for 4 choirs, standing on 4 different positions in our golden Basilica?«, Palma thought and looked around the golden Basilica to find the place where the musicians are making wonderful music.

During the music he begun to think about the recent private concert in Palma’s flat with its big private concert hall: »Hm, Heinrich Schütz could play the Harpsichord at this concert… Hm, hm, and Palmina could play the Lute part…
…at the actual performance of Claudio Monteverdi’s¹) L’Orfeo²) in our palace on San Marco Place, in the 2nd floor.
There will be special honour guests of our republic of Venice.
Hm, hm, hm,… and if Claudio Monteverdi says that he is a brilliant musician, then I can tell this positive words about Schütz as musician to Master Gabrieli at our next tea time meeting…«, Palma thought silent and smiled.

Palmina smiled because she also thinks »That is a good idea, Palma…«

»..how can I make Heinrich Schütz to be not only Master Gabrieli’s music student, but to be his Master Student?
Maybe with this idea…!«, Palma il Giovane thought.

There are a lot of music students coming with money to study in Venice, to study music or to study painting; but to be a Master student, this is a big privilege.

You have not only to be a very, very good music student, you have to be also choosen by the Master himself.

* * *

As they saw this Peony Gondola Vision, Palmina and Palma sat beside in the Peony Gondola at 23 p.m.

Palma could feel that Palmina’s left hand ring finger is painful because of doing rehearsal so much.

Palma took her left hand and kissed her tender and soft to heal her hand and her ring finger.

Palmina smiled shy and her pain was gone.

»Palmina?«

»Hm?«

»You are preparing a new concert?«

»Yes, Palma, my Master. I want also to play a composition of you in my next concert and I send you a messenger to inform you.
Hm, but it seems that the Administrators of the church of social media have stolen my letter to you…«

»Palmina…« and he kissed her hand again soft and tender, full of love and light, full of golden light, »…in my heart I felt your positive thoughts towards me. In the nature a little bird sung a melody from you and I listened to the bird lucky. I am very lucky that you want to play a composition of me.«

»…you remembered that Master Lao said to you 1000 years ago that we will met again… I give you from now on your old name Mia. I was your Master once and I was your…«

Palmina smiled and hugged suddenly his old Master and said with her soft voice:
»Oh, Master. We have now the chance to work together in inspirative way as artists and you have given me back my old name: Mia«

»Yes, Mia!
Si certo, mia dolcissima Mia!«

»Oh, my old Master P…«

»Psst, don’t say my name!«, Palma said fast.

»Oh, wo de dà shi G…«

»Psst, don’t say my name!«, Palma said also fast.

»Oh, mio maestro Palma il Giovane!«

And Palma hugged her now stronger and both had tears in their eyes.

Now they saw suddenly Master Lao on heaven and he showed them a interesting Vision about the century of Mia (before Lao tze came to the West); the moment as Xuan Ming was choosen as Master Student of Lao tse and his personal writing-secretary and his personal taking-care-of him-secretary:

picture 2 - musician and secretary Xuan Ming is lucky.png
picture 2 – musician and secretary Xuan Ming is lucky

And they saw suddenly a Vision:

VIDEO: (Lao tse and his new master student) https://youtu.be/myAwsBoWq6Q

(to be continued…)
______________________________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner
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¹) Claudio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643) – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claudio_Monteverdi

»Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster. A composer of both secular and sacred music, and a pioneer in the development of opera, he is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history.«

»[…] Monteverdi’s early musical training, or evidence that (as is sometimes claimed) he was a member of the Cathedral choir […]. Monteverdi’s first published work, a set of motets, Sacrae cantiunculae (Sacred Songs) for three voices, was issued in VENICE in 1582, when he was only fifteen years old.«

²) »L’Orfeo – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%27Orfeo
L’Orfeo, sometimes called La favola d’Orfeo [la ˈfaːvola dorˈfɛːo], is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio. It is based on the Greek legend of Orpheus, and tells the story of his descent to Hades and his fruitless attempt to bring his dead bride Eurydice back to the living world. It was written in 1607 for a court performance during the annual Carnival at Mantua. While Jacopo Peri’s Dafne is generally recognised as the first work in the opera genre, and the earliest surviving opera is Peri’s Euridice, L’Orfeo is the earliest that is still regularly performed.«

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256. Organ under construction

256. Organ under construction

As Palmina dreamed this music she tried to contact Palma via the Peony Gondola.

* * *

Palma could feel her positive thoughts and she hold his right hand and Palma could feel it. At 23 o’clock at this day he smiled and Palmina thought also on her composer, her painter and writer.

Now both smiled and started to dream this Peony Gondola Vision and they saw  this:

* * *

Palmina was suddenly 121 years in the future in Arnstadt. She was in the church beside the place at the bakers shop. She wanted to pray a little bit and suddenly she saw how the workers are constructing the new organ in Arnstadt. They lifted a big Organ pipe up to the Organ Gallery.  Palmina opened her mouth and was surprised about the big size of this Prospect Organ Pipe.

She looked up to the organ gallery and it was like that:

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/_qkbAf8mlFw

Palmina made a long sigh and thought: „Who will once play this huge music instrument. Our Organ of Arnstadt?
Who will be the man? Will he have big hands and big feets? Will he be only a instrumentalist or will he be also a composer?“
Palmina was thinking and continued to ask herself:“Will he compose something for my lute? Will he compose a Capriccio for my harpsicord and for my lute? Will I inspire him to compose..? Maybe he feels inspired to compose a Preludium and an additional Violinpart which can be sung by my Sopran voice?… Maybe he will compose the world’s famous Ave Maria in history?
Oh I can feel that there are creative moments coming with this new Organ…Oh I pray for best and creative moments… and even I can inspire him as little yellow canary bird I would sing for him“.

Palmina looked back again up to the organ gallery and smiled.

Now she went back to her home and started to rehearsal on her lute and her harpsichord. Later through her open window the people of Arnstadt could hear a beautiful Sopran voice singing some sweet little songs.

   * * *

         (to be continued…)
___________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:
ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

246. Bach’s first secret Inspiration in Arnstadt

246. Bach’s first secret Inspiration in Arnstadt

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola dream and they saw this vision:

* * *

After 5 weeks a young handsome 18 year old man now stepped in this bakery shop beside the church (Today the Johann Sebatian Bach Church) in Arnstadt and wanted to buy some bread. The bakers daughter was 21 year old, 3 years elder then this man.
Although she did not know that he is the famous Johann Sebastian Bach she was nevertheless very lucky smiling and very friendly as she saw him the first time.
»I take this…and….please I take this little bread, and….could I have this nice little fine fresh breads over there….«
»Of course Sir…«, she said very lucky because he was interested in her new Italian creation.
»…Is this a special creation, this fine bread?«
»Oh, yes, it is a special old baker’s creation from Venice…It was invented by the secret love of the famous painter Palma il Giovane, the Master scholar of Master Titian. She played lute like me…her name was Palmina Albina…«
Johann Sebastian stopped moving as he took the fine white fresh bread in his hands and she was also holding also the same piece with her hands and she smiled. Now he looked up to see her face and to see her eyes, so he realized that she
wear a yellow white traditional cloth.
»Oh, you are a musician! You play the lute…?«, he asked.
»Yes, I studied all the old masters from the 16th century till now and I can play the harpsichord. My mother has one at home…and, and, and I sing Soprano very well..«, she said like an innocent little girl although she was 21 years old.
»5 Weeks ago a great musician played on our new organ as opening concert. He
played so wonderfully. I felt in love but I had never seen him again.«
Johann Sebastian Bach smiled and looked for a long while into her direction. Yes, they are completely alone in this moment, in this little fine bakery shop at Arnstadt beside the church where Bach played.
»Can I have a fresh coffee?«, the young famous organ virtuosi said.
»Of course, sir, please, take a seat over there on the little table I will cook for you fresh coffee«.
Johann Sebastian sat down to the table and felt very inspired.
Inside his heart he heart a storm of music and sound. At this moment something changed inside his heart. Till today Bach wanted only to be a famous Violinist, a famous Organist and a famous harpsichord player.
But now he hears music in his heart and now in this moment he would like to compose a little piece for lute maybe a „Praeludium in C-Major“.
Johann Sebastian Bach understood: Palmina did not only do her Job as baker to make traditional bread every day, SHE CREATED A NEW CREATION: The little fine white fresh breads in Venice – which are known also today in the 18th century at Arnstadt.

This is like a musician not only playing music, but is also making own creation as music compositions.

Johann Sebastian Bach is inspired: »I have to create also an own composition like
the creative bakers daughter…«.
During she cooked smiling the coffee and prepared it so nice Bach felt „at home“,
now sitting here. He took a piece of paper and started to write a piece which is known in the future as „Praeludium in C-Major“ of the „Well tempered piano – part I“.
But in its version for lute. (Bach wrote later several versions about this praeludium in the future).
The bakers daughter stopped working as she saw that his handsome man is now writing his first composition in his life. Yes, this moment is the beginning of over thousands of compositions he will write in the future.

246 Praeludium in C BWV 846

picture – manuscript of Bach’s Praeludium in C- Major, BWV 846

The bakers daughter understood and could feel „SHE is the women who made Johann Sebastian a composer“, she is his Saint Cecilia and she is his inspiration.
Now she brought him the fresh coffee in a nice can and smiled as she saw how fast Bach wrote on his music sheet and that he wrote „Praeludium“ and he wrote „Lute“ on it. She got red on her innocent cheeks and she felt now that she is not a little girl any more.
A mystic warm energy came from heart to heart between him and her.

Bach smiled and the bakers daughter smiled.

VIDEO: ( Bach Praeludium in C- Major , BWV 846, Version for Lute ) https://youtu.be/5Tj9T9BFaJc

   https://youtu.be/5Tj9T9BFaJc

(to be continued…)
_____________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:
ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-
spitzner

245. Bach’s first secret love in Arnstadt

245. Bach’s first secret love in Arnstadt

 

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola dream:

* * *

This year 1581 was a very important year for the life of Palma and Palmina.
It was on the one hand a good year but it was also a year of big decision.

* * *

At the next morning Palma and Palmina read in the newspaper:

»A big burning incident happened in Arnstadt city in Germany. Nearly the whole city was destroyed and burned. Also the Organ was completely destroyed. It will take decades to reconstruct the city and a new organ there…«, Palma said to Palmina.

»Oh, the poor people of Arnstadt…«, Palmina said.
* * *

Suddenly the Peony Gondola showed them a talk between Mozart and his talented piano playing and composing Sister Nannerl:.

»…and this really happpened? Bach was in Venice secretly with his wife and with 2 of his 4 daughters?«

»Yes, Nannerl, I know this from one of his daughters. Our family has a very good friendship to the Bach family. You remember, I learned from a Bach son, they call him the London Bach. And, and,…the daughter of Bach said if we have financial problems we should write them and the Bach daughters will collect money so that they can send money to us to help us…«

»Oh, really,«, Nannerl Mozart said, »they are really good friends, good musician friends…We all love the Bach-family«.

»So a Bach daughter told me this secret story about Bach. – Nannerl, Natschi, Tschini Fibi! – Listen:…«

And Mozart gave Nannerl a tender kiss on her talented hands and on her cheeks and he begun the secret story and it was like that:
* * *

As Bach explained to his daughter Elisabeth that the well-known famous painter Palma il Giovane had his big family flat in the 2nd floor left beside the Astronomic Clock on the San Marco Place, the Bach family all went to have a fine walk along the big promenade along the „Riva degli Schiavoni“ in the south direction.

After a long walk they went in a left street which led them to the »Campo Bandiera e Moro«, a big place.

picture 01 view from the big place at Palmina's bakery shop »Campo Bandiera e Moro« in Venice.png
picture 01 view from the big place at Palmina’s bakery shop »Campo Bandiera e Moro« in Venice

At the »Calle de la pieta« they sat down to a little bakery cafe to have a rest.

Daughter Elisabeth gave the little cage with the yellow canary bird on the table and little ‚Pipsy‘ started suddenly to make: »Peep, peep, peep!«.

»What’s with you, Pipsy, why are you so excited…?«

Bach looked around and looked to the bakery shop, and looked again at the place.

»Anna Magdalena«, which was 15 years younger then his husband Johann Sebastian, felt that something is going on in his heart but she did not ask, maybe he has an inspiration.

„This bakery shop, this big place…this looks also…this remembers me…oh, my old remembering…my first…she was my first….yes, the lute playing bakers daughter…“

Bach seemed to be excited. Never his daughter had seen him so emotionally looking around in his whole live.

picture 02 Venice at Palminas bakery shop.png

picture 02 Venice at Palminas bakery shop

»Daddy, what’s wrong with you…you have been here on that place..? You have remembering…remembering on this bakery shop with a lute playing baker’s daughter…«

Anna Magdalena remembered in this moment that Bach was strongly inspired to compose a lot of Lute music piece and it is e secret why this instrument really inspired him so much.

»Peep, Peep, Peep«, made the little yellow canary bird and Bach understood his beloved yellow canary bird. The bird seems to tell him all his remembering.

»Oh, It is a very emotional remembering.

picture 03 Arnstadt-Schlossmuseum-Baeckerei-mon-plaisir-18-Jhr-1983.jpg

picture 03 Arnstadt-Schlossmuseum-Baeckerei-mon-plaisir-18-Jhr-1983

As I was 18 years old, you know as I was officially playing the first time on the Organ in Arnstadt…hmmmm. I remember very good, this sunny day, it was the…13th of July in the year 1703…what a day…want you really hear this story???

…it was my first love…«

»Oh, Daddy how Romantic, tell us we want to know…Daddy’s first love with 18 years.«

»Peep,peep,peep…«, made Pipsy and jumped excited agreeing in his little wooden cage around.

Anna Magdalena did not know this episode of Bach’s early live. She smiled shy and was interested to hear about that.

picture 04 Bach Praeludium in C-Magior.jpg

picture 04 Bach Praeludium in C-Magior

»Yes, In Arnstadt…yes, she was my first love and she brought me to be a composer. She inspired me to compose the Capriccio, I later dedicated also to to my brother, but it was composed for her and the Preludium in C-major…and piece for Organ ‚Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern‘ – because she was the morning star on my horizon shining for me… and,…ok, I tell you…«

And Bach begun to tell the story, sitting at the Campo Bandiera e Moro in Venice at the baker’s shop at the ‚Calle de la Pieta‘.

For a moment he had tears in his eyes and Anna Magdalena realized it and put his hand on his right arm.

»Yes, but without her I would never decide to be a composer I would never meet your mum later as composer and we would never get married and you, my little daughters would not now be here with us here in Venice…“

* * *

And Bach started to tell the little love-story and it was like that:

picture 05 Arnstadt - Johann Sebastian Bach Church.png

picture 05 Arnstadt – Johann Sebastian Bach Church

On the 13th of July in the year 1703 Bach was invited to test the new Organ in Arnstadt. The Church was full of people and they wanted all to listen how the new organ of Johann Friedrich Wender was sounding.
The people had to wait a long period since the city burned in the year 1581.

The place was full of people. All the people wanted to listen and to see the new organ of the church.

picture 06 left view to the historic bakers shop.png
picture 06 left view to the historic bakers shop

A young bakers daughter from a shop direct on the left side of the entrance came out of her shop as she listened Bach’s organ playing.

She opened her mouth like to hear a miracle.

Yes, she stopped her work in her shop. But she could not see me.

picture 07 Bach-Organ in the Johann Sebastian Bach Church.png
picture 07 Bach-Organ in the Johann Sebastian Bach Church

First she only listened Bach without seeing how he looks like.
A big familiar feeling went through her heart. She was sure she knows him. Yes, he is an old soul and their souls are friends, deep music loving friends.

»Hach, why this talented musician is only testing our new Organ? Why he comes not and played always for us…?«, The mother of the baker’s daughter said.
She heard the organ also playing and stood now beside her daughter.
The baker’s daughter wanted to hide her fascination for Bach’s Organ playing, but mother realized very fast and smiled understanding.

picture 08 Entrance of Bach Church in Arnstadt.png

picture 08 Entrance of Bach Church in Arnstadt

After the concert the people of Arnstadt where fascinated and applaud not only for the quality of the sound of the organ also for the way the compositions Johann Sebastian played.

picture 09 Big place in Arnstadt with Bach Monument.png
picture 09 Big place in Arnstadt with Bach Monument

The people said »We have to ask him to stay in our city to be our Organ playing musician…he is the best musician and best organ expert…«

– »Congratulation, such a good organ and such a good performance…«
»Great, great, we want more concerts from Mr.Bach«

And as Bach left the church he was surrounded by the people of Arnstadt like a shooting star.

picture 10 view on the historic baker's shop in Arnstadt.png

picture 10 view on the historic baker’s shop in Arnstadt

The baker’s daughter wanted to see how Johann Sebastian is looking like, but she could not see him, so much people are outside at the place around the church.

»If he would come in our bakery shop? This amazing Organ playing star?«, the bakers daughter said to her mother and again her mother understood and smiled.

picture 11 young women wearing traditional cloth of the 18th century.jpg

picture 11 young ladies wearing traditional cloth of the 18th century

»He played so wonderful the Organ like Apollo. We could even hear his concert outside here on the street.

picture 12 Bäckerei Fischer Arnstadt (as example).jpg

picture 12 Bäckerei Fischer Arnstadt (as example)

Whole Arnstadt is celebrating him, it is a big honour to have a concert by Bach here in our little city. If he will stay here and play the Organ every week?

picture 13 Original Bach Organ manuals and Pedals in the Bach Museum Arnstadt.jpg

picture 13 Original Bach Organ manuals and Pedals in the Bach Museum Arnstadt

Let us pray that the heaven decides to lead his way to us, mother…«
And again mother smiled silent and understood.

* * *

After they saw this Peony Gondola Vision Palmina put her head on Palma’s side and they heart suddenly a music like that:

VIDEO: (Storms on the way to the light – Violin and Piano)  https://youtu.be/3Xmxoru2nRY

(to be continued…)

_____________________________

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

244. Long live Cardinale Karolus Borromeus the saviour of children and sacred music

244. Long live Cardinale Karolus Borromeus the saviour of children and sacred music

picture 01 - venezia-festa-del-redentore

picture 01 – at Palma’s time a new traditional was born – The Il redentore feast in Venice as big Thank – you – festival

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola dream at 23 o’clock and they saw this:

* * *

»+++ BREAKING NEWS – BREAKING WORLDPRESS NEWS +++
THE HIGHEST COURT OF THE REPUBLIC OF VENICE DECIDED TO SET FREE CARDINAL BORROMÄUS, KNOWN AS THE PROTECTOR OF CHILDREN AND SACRED MUSIC. +++ BREAKING NEWS – BREAKING WORLDPRESS NEWS +++«

Palmina went this morning along the San Marco Place and bought this fresh printed ‚Worldpress‘ newspaper.

She started reading and said: »Look Palma, they write about you…and,and, the Cardinale will today come to Venice….read, read, looook,look, Palma…“

Palma took the newspaper and read:

»…the highest court announced today that „…it IS NOT A CRIME to help too much poor and ill persons… “ The orders given by Cardinale Hell from the Vatican State to arrest the innocent Cardinal Borromaeus are not accepted by the highest court in order that Cardinale Hell is now declared as officially as criminal.

BIG FEAST FOR CARDINAL BORROMEAUS ON GIUDECCA ISLAND

Today at the traditional ‚Il Redentore feast“ the Republic of Venice will welcome this famous Cardinale with big fireworks and concert for being freed from wrong arrest.
The „Cantico delle Creature“ for children will be played by the Le Zitelle Orchestra at the official opening ceremony and a new painting of the famous painter Palma il Giovane will be presented as official thank you for saving Cardinale Borromaeus from imprisonment.

picture 02 - 1581 (chiesa il redentore) »Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John and Saints Jerome, Anne, Francis and Catherine of Alexandria«

picture 02 – 1581 (chiesa il redentore) »Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John and Saints Jerome, Anne, Francis and Catherine of Alexandria«

CARDINALE PROTECTED BY THE PRAYERS OF THE SAINT VIRGIN

Being protected during the gun shooting terror attack during the ‚Tridentinum Council‘ by the saint virgin „Karel“ give promise to the saint virgin to speak with a famous composer, because he composed a big composition as music therapy for victims of child-prostitution.

As big thank you being protected by the gun shooting of Mr. Ali who said by himself: „I was payed to shot on Karel by Cardinale Hell, who wanted to become the pope of the catholic church and he wanted to support all my friends if he gets the new pope, but now he will not support our Church of Social Media because he is in prison.“

 
PEOPLE SAY HE IS A SAINT

Cardinale Borromaeus did found a lot of institutions to protect poor children and girls from child prostitution in the tradition to the Saint Nicolaus.
Today he will visit the „Le Zitelle“-institution on Giudecca island and the girls orchestra will play Welcome concert in their church and in their beautiful gardens behind the buildings of the „Santa Maria de la Presentatione“.
Cardinale Borromaeus has announced to hold a speech on Giudecca Island supporting poor children, girls and the Venice-Titian-Art-Gallery.

 

INTERNATIONAL GUESTS WILL COME

Thousands of all over the world are expected today at the „Redentore feast“.
Honour Guests also from Asia, China, Thailand, Japan, Korea, even from Formosa, where strong relations to the catholic church are since the 16th century, will send their representatives to congratulate and sent their best wishes.

 
BIG FIRE WORK ALONG THE GIUDECCA ISLAND AS BIG WELCOME CEREMONY.

The Republic of Venice, the R.O.V, announced a very big fire work to this special day in the history for protection of children, protection of music therapy and art.

 
A NEW TRADITION IS BORN IN VENICE

„This feast should now be that big every year“ the representatives of the R.O.V., the Republic of Venice announced now, „…the feast is a traditional feast as ‚Thank you‘ for surviving the Pest“ – but now we decided to make it as one of the biggest feast in the year in Venice“.

picture 03a - bridge build only for the days of the Thank You Festival
picture 03 – bridge build only for the days of the Thank You Festival

 

A BIG BRIDGE WILL BE BUILD

Along the new feast there will be a new long bridge only for the duration of the days of the „Il Redentore feast“.
The people can go along the big bridge to go over the water to the „Church il Redentore“.

* * *

After they read the newspaper standing on the San Marco Place a lot of pigeon had landed around them and looked up to them as if they did understand the newspaper.
Now the pigeons flew to the Gondola which was waiting for them at the other end of the San Marco Place.

Both went there and Palmina and Palma entered a Gondola .Palma helped her to enter the Gondola and smiled.

Palmina smiled and said: »Palma, I am so proud on you. Cardinale Borromaeus will visit our „Le Zitelle Orchestra“ on Giudecca and the „Cantico delle Creature“ will be performed, and, and your painting will be presented at the Chiesa Il Redentore.
Oh, Palma, oh, Palma, what a big feast today will be. Oh, I love you, my painter, my composer, my love letter writer, my children protector….“

And Palma and Palmina looked sideways to the island Giudecca and smiled.
Soon the big traditional ‚Il Redentore festival‘ will start here in Venice.

Palmina put her hand on Palma’s hand very tender and Palma could feel it.
Now he looked at her beautiful smiling face. He realised how much he loves her and the sun made her hairs beautiful.

Slowly the Gondola moved to the other side in the direction of Giudecca Island.
They will have a few hours of rehearsal for the concert today at evening.
The innocent girls came all with their music instruments and also the girls and children choir was there.
As they saw Palma and Palmina coming to the Le Zitelle they waved all from their windows.

„Look, Palma and Palmina are coming to make a rehearsal with us. Let us take all our music instruments and come at the concert stage in the garden.

And all the girls and children came in the Le Zitelle Garden to sit at their place on the stage to be ready to make a rehearsal of Palma’s Hymnus.

How often Cardinal Hell tried to pay millions to stop this music-social projects for children. How often he gave a lot of money to people to sabotage this social projects. But now Cardinal Borromaeus is their strong hand of the heaven to stopp this intrigues against these poor children.

And now they made the rehearsal like that:

VIDEO: [Peony Gondola Song] https://youtu.be/4YfXRwOwHWE


At he evening the saint Cardinale Borromaeus came and the fireworks in Venice begun and it looked fantastic like that, so that also painters made paintings of this historic moment in modern civilization – to protect children, art and culture.
»Long live our Cardinale Borromaeus!«

picture 03b  -  Venezia-Festa-del-Redentore-2.JPG

[picture]

»Long Live the Protector of our children the new saint Nicolaus!«

picture 04 -  05-Festa-del-Redentore-Carlo-Grubacs.jpg

[picture]

»Yes long live he, down with Cardinale Hell, he should never leave the prison – This Children killer«

picture 05 -  06-Festa-del-Redentore-Maurice-Prendergast-1899.jpg

[picture]

»Long live the saint Cardinal – Down with Cardinale Hell, this murder!«

picture 06 -  07-Festa-del-Redentore-Cipriano-Mannucci.jpg

[picture]

»Long live the Le Zitelle Foundation and its Girls Orchestra and Choir! Let’s listen the Cantico delle Creature – The big Manifest against child-prostitution!«

picture 07 -  22.jpg

[picture]

»Let us celebrate this day from now on in all future, here in Venice on Giudecca Island«

picture 08 -  0707-venezia-redentore-215.jpg

[picture]
pictures 1-72 – traditional feast on Giudecca Island as big thank you

(click on the image to see it in full size)

(to be continued…)

_____________________________

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

 

 

 

 

226. House concert in Palma’s flat in Venice

226. House concert in Palma’s flat in Venice

They continued to dream their Peony Gondola Vision and they saw this:

* * *

Palma went fast home at his flat on San Marco Place to get the Pigeon-Letter-Mail.

And as he arrived and opened his window in the second floor and the snow-white Letter-Mail-Pigeon waited and made friendly „Groo, Groooooo“. Palma smiled and took her carefully in her hands.
Now he opened her letter and read it.
Palma’s eyes where very lucky and he sat down to his table and continued to read her beautiful Pigeon-Mail.

Then he looked out of his window. From here he can not see the windows of Palmina’s flat in the 3rd floor on Giudecca Island but he feels that she is also standing now at the window and smiling.

Palma looked into the direction of Giorgio Maggiore and said:
»The church of »Isola San Giorgio Maggiore« is complete erected. This is a symbol of our love…I have to answer Palmina on her letter…«

Palma kissed the letter and he started fast to write an answer:

»Venice, 16…

Dear Palmina!

Thank you, I received your Pigeon-Mail,
I also can’t wait to be with you in our Peony Gondola at 23 o’clock.
Today the breakfast you made on my birthday was so nice, especially the music you played for me on my bed with your lutes.
You made a new composition for me and you made a nice variation of my composition for your lutes.
I hear it the whole day during my painting work in my remembering, in my deep heart.
Thank you Palmina.
And today at midday you and Michaela made such a good lunch for me, and you made the first celebration on this birthday for me.
Mihaela made a surprise, you know, she searched the »happy birthday music version in my language – in Veneto!«.
As you saw Crezia and Julia made two paintings for me – So nice – My daughter like you very much, You all women are all my personal angels since my wife died and I am a lonely man.

I am locking forward to celebrate my birthday with you – You are now a part of my family.
I love you my sweet pigeon,
my inspiration, my Santa Cecilia

Your you deeply loving

Jacopo Palma il Giovane

PS: Do you think that Natalie from Russia, you know the talented Organ Playing musician, will come to our nice birthday feast in our big flat on San Marco Place and play with us some music with our family? Mihaela said her mother was at the ospedaletto and is not well, let’s pray for her mother. Mihaela is praying for her…«

* * *

picture - house concert like it was at Palma's time in the 16th cecury in Venice

And as they saw this Peony Vision Palma and Palmina hugged and kissed soft and they remembered the beautiful house concert for Palma’s birthday at his home:

And Palma and Palmina looked this concert together in this Peony Vision:

This concert was beautiful and it was like that:

VIDEO: (original Renaissance concert )
https://okto.tv/de/oktothek/episode/22431

https://okto.tv/de/oktothek/episode/22431

(to be continued…)

_____________________________

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

225. Happy Birthday, Palma il Giovane!

225. Happy Birthday, Palma il Giovane!

picture 1 -Orazio_Gentileschi_-_Saint_Cecilia_Playing_the_Spinnet.png
picture 1 -Orazio_Gentileschi_-_Saint_Cecilia_Playing_the_Spinnet

They continued to dream their Peony Gondola Vision and they saw this:

* * *

The next day Palmina had always to think about Palma’s Piano solo he composed for his beloved Palmina, his inspiration, his Saint Cecilia.

Today she had two talented music students at the Gardens of Giudecca.
The mother of the talented girls is also playing a music instrument and it is very creative to teach them music lessons.

As Palmina went back along the Giudecca island to the »Le Zitelle« she teaches also the girls there in music.

Now she has a little break between her music lessons.
Sitting in her official flat in the 3rd floor of the »Le Zitelle« building she is thinking on her Palma, which has today birthday and she sat down on her little table at the window and started to write a Pigeon-letter mail to her Palma il Giovane who lives on the other side of the Lagoon water on the San Marco Place.
From her window she can see directly to the San Marco Place and she smiled.

She looked to the cage of the Letter-Pigeon and smiled to her.

»After my music lessons here, I will go to Palma and celebrate with him his birthday in our Peony Gondola. But first I will send him a Pigeon-letter mail to wish him happy birthday…«, Palmina thought lucky and smiling.

* * *

Palma felt in this moment that she is writing a letter to her and he stopped for a while his painting work at the famous palazzo in Venice.
In his thoughts he could feel, no he could see her sitting beautifully on her table writing a Pigeon-Letter Mail for him.

In his imagination it looks so beautiful and poetic how his sweet Palmina is thinking and writing for him.
Palma cleaned fast his fingers, full of wet colours and took a sheet of paper and a pencil to draw how he feels and sees Palmina in his deep heart Vision.

Palma made a very fast drawing.

picure 4 - drawing by Palma il Giovane

picture – drawing by Palma il Giovane

Yes, Palma is the INVENTOR OF THE DRAWING AS INDEPENDENT ART DISCIPLINE.
Before Palma there was only the tradition that a pencil drawing is only the draft of an oil painting and the drawing has no meaning for art.
Palma was famous for doing fast and very often own drawings and these drawings had been the first time in the history of art defined as a complete independent art discipline.

Palma send her an imaginary cheek kiss and Palmina smiled in this moment and kissed the letter she wrote:

„Venice, Giudecca-Island 16….

My beloved Palma!

Today on your BIRTHDAY, I write you a little Pigeon-Letter-Mail.
I am so lucky that we can see us now every day and I am now a part of your life.
The Pigeon will fly from here at the »Le Zitelle« over the Lagoon water directly to your window at the 2nd floor at the San Marco Place. And no one will destroy the letter. No one will steal the letter. No one will destroy our deep love and our deep music art friendship.
I know that I am inspiring you and that you are always lucky to be creative in painting, composing and writing in order to these inspirations.
Last time we met in our Peony Gondola at 23 o’clock you composed from your heart a music piece I loved so much – The Piano solo –

Palma, thank you!
My composer, my painter and writer…

I would like to tell you that I am planing to play several compositions from you in my little fine concerts.
Today we can speak about this in our Peony Gondola at 23 o’clock celebrating your birthday.

Dear Palma, I am so looking forward to see you!

Happy birthday, dear Palma!

Your you deeply loving

Palmina, your Pigeon, your Saint Cecilia“

Orazio_Gentileschi_-_Saint_Cecilia_Playing_the_Spinnet.png

picture 2 - santa-cecilia-e-un-angelo-di-orazio-gentileschi-e-giovanni-lanfranco-nat-gall-washington.jpg

picture 2 – santa-cecilia-e-un-angelo-di-orazio-gentileschi-e-giovanni-lanfranco-nat-gall-washington

* * *

And as they saw this Peony Gondola Vision Palmina took her Lute and played for him being with him in this beautiful Peony Gondola.

VIDEO: The Lute in Italian Renaissance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKjadi_rvP0&feature=youtu.be

And suddenly a text appeared written in an old Chinese language like this on the evening sky.

說萬物者莫說乎澤,*)

„Of all that forces that GIVE JOY things, there is no more gladdening than the LAKE ☱.“

And then Palma took his Viola music instrument and Palmina took her Pipa Lute and they made together music at their Peony Gondola hour at 23 o’clock like this about the image of „LAKE, the joyous“ :

VIDEO: [Solo 5 for Pipa and Viola – LAKE ] https://youtu.be/1VJ0ID2g2Mo

(to be continued…)

_____________________________

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

_________________

*) old traditional Chinese text (ancient style) of the Wisdom Book of Change „I-Ging“ (YI-King or I Ching) which is 5000 year old.

see also:

I Ching – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Ching

»The I Ching or Yi Jing (Chinese: 易經; pinyin: Yìjīng ), also known as Classic of Changes or Book of Changes, is an ancient Chinese divination text and the oldest of the Chinese classics.«

224. Palma tunes his harpsichord after Palmina’s lute

224. Palma tunes his harpsichord after Palmina’s lute

1

And as Palmina heard so directly music from Palma’s heart she realized that she started to dream and Palma put his arm around her during that and she smiled.
Also Palma did. And he could feel her smile at the beginning of this Peony Gondola hour at 23 o’clock. Palmina smiled very strong, Palma could feel it and smiled also, it was not possible not to smile.
Palma dreamed also, the same dream in this moment, in this Peony Gondola hour at 23′ o clock.
And they continued to dream and they saw this:

* * *

Palma was sitting on his harpsichord and realized, as he finished tuning it, that if he tunes his harpsichord after the Lute of Palmina, in well tempered half tones, it was possible to modulate a music through all half-tones in Magior and Minor.
But Palma tried out to play now and it was possible!
Normally here in Venice, in this 16th century, it was not possible to do so on a harpsichord or an organ – the instruments are tuned to play only in a few scale but not in all 12 semitone scale.
Palma will next week ask an organ-tuner to tune a little organ after Palmina’s semitones.
»Do you think, Palmina, he will tune the Organ like my harpsichord in equal like Well-tempered *) 12 semi-tones like your lute and my mandolin are already tuned?«, Palma asked loud, hoping that she is in the room nearby, listening him and that she will come to him in the big representative room of his flat on the San Marco Place in Venice, in the 2nd floor.

picture - Circle of fifths

picture – circle of fiths needs the „well tempered tunning“ –  the „Well temperament“ *)

»Yes, Palma, Yes…I think he will try it after you have shown him how your harpsichord is tuned…wait, I come…«, Palmina answered from the other room.
And now Palmina came with her lute to make music with Palma.
This moments are the most beautiful moments in Palma’s painting and artis’s live.
Palmina is with him and they are now alone, and they only want to do one thing: To make music, to feel the music-harmonic-connection between their hearts.
Palma played a few notes to test his new „lute-tuning“ of this instrument.
And suddenly he felt inspired with thinking on his pure pigeon, his snow-white saint spirit pigeon, bringing him always to new inspiration for his painting music creativity.
And Palma played and played and he tried out this new „Well tempered -12 semi-tons equal-tuning.“

* * *

As they saw this Peony-Gondola vision Palmina was very proud on her Jacopo Palma il Giovane, her painter, her composer, her love-story writer, her deep and only love.

Again she put her head on his side and continued to hear music and it was like that:

VIDEO: (Piano solo at the vegan backery Art-Gallery-Cafe ) https://youtu.be/PsKViSqB6QE

 

* * *

(to be continued…)

_____________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:
ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

____________________________
*) Well temperament – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Well_temperament

WELL TEMPERAMENT (also good temperament, circular or circulating temperament) is a type of tempered tuning described in 20th-century music theory. The term is modeled on the German word wohltemperiert. This word also appears in the title of

J.S. Bach’s famous composition „Das wohltemperierte Klavier„, The Well-Tempered Clavier.“

„The first circular temperament was described by the organist ARNOLT SCHLICK**) in the early 16th century[citation needed], but „well temperaments“ did not become widely used until the baroque period. They persisted through the classical period, and even survived into the late 19th century in some areas, for example in Italy. [citation needed]
There are many well temperament schemes, some nearer meantone temperament, others nearer equal temperament. Although such tunings have no wolf fifth, keys with many sharps or flats still do not sound very well in tune (due to their thirds). This can contrast chords in which vibrations are concordant with others where the vibrations are not harmonically related. Some theorists [weasel words] have sought to define „well temperament“ more narrowly to exclude fifths wider than pure, which rules out many such schemes.“

**) Arnolt Schlick – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnolt_Schlick
Arnolt Schlick (July 18?  c. 1455–1460 – after 1521) was a German organist, lutenist and composer of the Renaissance. He is grouped among the composers known as the Colorists. He was most probably born in Heidelberg and by 1482 established himself as court organist for the Electorate of the Palatinate. Highly regarded by his superiors and colleagues alike, Schlick played at important historical events, such as the election of Maximilian I as King of the Romans, and was widely sought after as organ consultant throughout his career. The last known references to him are from 1521

The first circular temperament was described by the organist Arnolt Schlick in the early 16th century, but „well temperaments“ did not become widely used until the baroque period. They persisted through the classical period, and even survived into the late 19th century in some areas, for example in Italy.
There are many well temperament schemes, some nearer meantone temperament, others nearer equal temperament. Although such tunings have no wolf fifth, keys with many sharps or flats still do not sound very well in tune (due to their thirds). This can contrast chords in which vibrations are concordant with others where the vibrations are not harmonically related. Some theorists[weasel words] have sought to define „well temperament“ more narrowly to exclude fifths wider than pure, which rules out many such schemes.
Some well-known well temperaments go by the following names:
Werckmeister temperament (invented by Andreas Werckmeister)
French Temperament Ordinaire
Neidhardt
Kirnberger
Kellner
Vallotti (invented by Francesco Antonio Vallotti)
Young
Some temperament schemes feature numbers of perfect, pure fifths and these give enhanced harmonic resonance to instruments and music on which they are played so that music moves into and out of focus between keys as vibrations lock together or not. Werckmeister features 8 perfect fifths, Kellner 7 and Vallotti 6.
The contemporary composer Douglas Leedy has written several works for harpsichord or organ in which the use of a well temperament is required.[citation needed]

See also:
Pythagorean tuning
Just intonation
Meantone temperament
Regular temperament
Equal temperament