321. The secret of Palmina – an evening walk in Venice

321. The secret of Palmina – an evening walk in Venice

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picture 1 – View of Isola Giorio Maggiore in Venice

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola dream like that:

* * *

»Oh, Palma…I remember her. She was my Asian music teacher. As she followed the invitation to our Philosophical School in South Italy to come with her Master, Master Lao, I learned to play this music instrument Gu Zhin and Gu Zheng and, and my fascination for Asian music instrument she revived in that time period…«

»Oh, Palmina…let us continue…what ever comes…we have such a strong connection«

»Yes, Palma, let us continue…«

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picture 2 – view of a Gondola in Venice

And now they saw, sitting side-by-side, together in their Peony Gondola at 23 p.m. and they saw this vision of their time in the 16th century in the year 1582 as Saint Theresa of Avila died.
In this year in Venice as they were much younger than in the year 1610
they saw that Palmina and Palma tried to write a letter to each other:

* * *

» Venice, 1582

Dear Palma,

Today I decided to write a message to you.
For security I send you this text also as Pigeon-Mail, so you can proof if the normal letter has been stolen from your Mail Box, as usually from the Administrator of the Dark Sugar Earth Social Media Church.

We have to meet us for a long evening walk in Venice.
We have to talk to each other.
I have to tell you about something what happen in my live and it is important that you hear the truth and not what others say about me in the public.

Looking forward to see you.

Your Palmina, your little yellow canary bird.

Palmina Albina«

And Palmina took her Lute and played the »Thinking on each other melody« several times.

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/Dum0FaJUkpw

* * *

In this moment Palma il Giovane stopped drawing at his artwork as he heard this melody deep in his heart.
His heart feels a warm golden light around his heart and he knows now:
his Pigeon is playing the »Thinking on each other melody« several times.

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/Dum0FaJUkpw

Palmina smiled as she could feel Palma’s reaction.

Palma smiled and Palmina smiled and both could feel it.

What ever happens in their life they would never stop to think on each other.

He wrote:

»Venice, 1582

Dear Palmina!

I feel it, today you wrote a letter to me and the birds outside in the little garden are singing beautiful melodies as messengers for me.
Oh, my Palmina, they told me you want to see me again for a long walk and talk. You want to tell me an important think which happened in your live…
Did I understood the bird correct?
They say a letter Pigeon will come and bring the written message soon.

I am looking forward to hear from you,

my yellow canary bird,
your Palma il Giovane«

* * *

And now they saw them walking in Venice the whole late afternoon till in the late evening, going together, speaking about a very important think in their live:

Now they walk silent a long time side-by side in Venice without talking.

Palma il Giovane waited like an old Chinese Master what Palmina wanted to say to him.
He could feel that Palmina has to say something important, but she did not want to hurt his feelings.

»Palma…«

»Hmmm…?«

»Do you see this ring?«

»Oh, he is new…Does it disturb you when you are playing on your music instrument?«

Palmina suddenly smiled, because Palma seems to say the right words in the right moment.

»Yes, Palma! It disturbs me much.«

Palmina understood the deeper meaning of his words and smiled stronger.

»Yes, exactly about that fact I wanted to speak with you today…«

»What fact?…«

»The fact that I said YES, a few days ago…«

»Yes – to whom?«, Palma said disappointed.

»Oh, no, Palma. It is not like you think…I thought it was a joke…and so I said yes to his question…«

»..but who is he?«

»You know, I was on the concert tour and on my way back I met him and my father asked him to… I mean he is not really my…
…you have to know: As I made my concert career on that island, we got more and more letters from men who wanted to have contact to me and to marry me….«
»Oh, I see..and you made the choice for only one man..«

»Oh, Palma…I did not made my choice…«

»Your father made the choice for your future men?«

»No, no,no, Palma…He asked him to PLAY the ROLE to be my boyfriend only in the public to avoid that one of the music fans wanted to have too close contact for me…«

»I understand…but, why he is now in Venice?«

»Yes, it was a surprise for me and I thought that I have to continue to play his girl-friend after the orders of my father. I thought my father wants that the people of Venice know that I am engaged.«

»Oh, I see, it was only a joke…«

»No, no Palma, this time he made it serious and I have now a Problem…
His family is expecting to marry me to get the citizenship of the Republic of Venice.«

»Oh,,that’s the problem… He is from that island and since 1572 the Republic of Venice has lost its government on that island. The O.S. attacked the country and took the north part of Cyprus Island.«

»Is he from north Cyprus?«

»Yes, Palma, that’s the Problem he is member of the church of O.S.«

»But, Palmina, what’s the problem? If all this was a joke, why is it a problem?«

»The Problem is: He helped me to protect me from the music fans, he played the role of a boy friend in the public – nothing else. And now he wants that we help him to live in Venice. And therefore he said after I said YES, that he wants to get the citizenship of the Republic of Venice.
And he thought I will marry him…as thank you for his help on Cyprus Island.«

»And what does your father say?«, Palma asked like a good friend.

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picture 3 – 2 Lanterns in Venice

»My father shouted and said ‚Why you did not say NO to this Moslem. Why did you not take Master Giovanni Palma il Giovane, he is a tolerant and good man, he is a successful painter who paints in whole Venice, who paints at the Palazzo Ducale, where the mightiest persons of the world are going in and out….‘, he said and he punished me with his violence«

»And how did your North-Cyprus-fake-boy-friend react after you said him that it was a misunderstanding…?«

Later on the street he punished me violently also violent like father and said »After our religious tradition the women has to obey the husband even she is a Christian«

»I said to him: I am not your wife. – He said that I said Yes in the public. He said he will destroy my music career on Cyprus Island – and he said also that his rich family will support me with money for the concerts if I decide to be his wife.«

* * *

 

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picture 4 – Evening Sunset in Venice (right San Marco Place, left is Isola Giudecca, where Palmina worked as music teacher at the Le Zitelle

And now both were silent.

Palma was now alone with her.

Palmina made a long sigh – Palma made a long sigh.

He put his strong arm around her.
Palmina could feel his warm energy and she felt Palma takes care for her.

Now they went for a long walk in Venice, the atmosphere of the coming evening made them both very harmonic and full of hope.

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picture 5 – Harmonic evening View in Venice

They did not say any word, but their hearts communicated with a secret golden light.

* * *

After they saw this Peony Gondola Vision Palma took his Viola da braccio and played for Palmina also the »Thinking on each other Melody« and it was like that:

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/VMZfZXjtK3s

(to be continued…)

______________________________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner
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✮ 315. Palma as supporter of artist in the 16th century ✮

✮ 315. Palma as supporter of artist in the 16th century ✮

And they continued to dream their Peony Gondola Vision and they saw this:

* * *

picture 1 - view of the different places where composer Gabrieli and composer Monteverdi placed his several choirs (often 3 or 4) and instrumental groups within the same composition in this San Marco Cathedral in Venice.jpg

picture 1 – view of the different places where composer Gabrieli and composer Monteverdi placed his several choirs (often 3 or 4) and instrumental groups within the same composition in this San Marco Cathedral in Venice

After Cousine Mihaela sung so beautiful her Sopran Aria, Master Gabrieli stood up from the Organ to conduct several Choirs.

They sung also a composition of Gabrieli composed for several choirs and instrument groups, standing at different positions in the Church Basilica San Marco in Venice.

»It sounds to be like in heaven!«, Giulia, Palma’s younger daughter said.
Palma was lucky that his daughter’s are interested in arts and music. Giulia is also making progress in her study of painting in the Titian academy.
Giulia is finishing Palma’s painting with landscapes, trees, the buildings etc… in the background part of his paintings.
Palma smiled to his Giulia proud.

From all directions, from up left and from up right, there is coming choir- and ensemble music.

»Did Master Gabrieli compose this music piece for 4 choirs, standing on 4 different positions in our golden Basilica?«, Palma thought and looked around the golden Basilica to find the place where the musicians are making wonderful music.

During the music he begun to think about the recent private concert in Palma’s flat with its big private concert hall: »Hm, Heinrich Schütz could play the Harpsichord at this concert… Hm, hm, and Palmina could play the Lute part…
…at the actual performance of Claudio Monteverdi’s¹) L’Orfeo²) in our palace on San Marco Place, in the 2nd floor.
There will be special honour guests of our republic of Venice.
Hm, hm, hm,… and if Claudio Monteverdi says that he is a brilliant musician, then I can tell this positive words about Schütz as musician to Master Gabrieli at our next tea time meeting…«, Palma thought silent and smiled.

Palmina smiled because she also thinks »That is a good idea, Palma…«

»..how can I make Heinrich Schütz to be not only Master Gabrieli’s music student, but to be his Master Student?
Maybe with this idea…!«, Palma il Giovane thought.

There are a lot of music students coming with money to study in Venice, to study music or to study painting; but to be a Master student, this is a big privilege.

You have not only to be a very, very good music student, you have to be also choosen by the Master himself.

* * *

As they saw this Peony Gondola Vision, Palmina and Palma sat beside in the Peony Gondola at 23 p.m.

Palma could feel that Palmina’s left hand ring finger is painful because of doing rehearsal so much.

Palma took her left hand and kissed her tender and soft to heal her hand and her ring finger.

Palmina smiled shy and her pain was gone.

»Palmina?«

»Hm?«

»You are preparing a new concert?«

»Yes, Palma, my Master. I want also to play a composition of you in my next concert and I send you a messenger to inform you.
Hm, but it seems that the Administrators of the church of social media have stolen my letter to you…«

»Palmina…« and he kissed her hand again soft and tender, full of love and light, full of golden light, »…in my heart I felt your positive thoughts towards me. In the nature a little bird sung a melody from you and I listened to the bird lucky. I am very lucky that you want to play a composition of me.«

»…you remembered that Master Lao said to you 1000 years ago that we will met again… I give you from now on your old name Mia. I was your Master once and I was your…«

Palmina smiled and hugged suddenly his old Master and said with her soft voice:
»Oh, Master. We have now the chance to work together in inspirative way as artists and you have given me back my old name: Mia«

»Yes, Mia!
Si certo, mia dolcissima Mia!«

»Oh, my old Master P…«

»Psst, don’t say my name!«, Palma said fast.

»Oh, wo de dà shi G…«

»Psst, don’t say my name!«, Palma said also fast.

»Oh, mio maestro Palma il Giovane!«

And Palma hugged her now stronger and both had tears in their eyes.

Now they saw suddenly Master Lao on heaven and he showed them a interesting Vision about the century of Mia (before Lao tze came to the West); the moment as Xuan Ming was choosen as Master Student of Lao tse and his personal writing-secretary and his personal taking-care-of him-secretary:

picture 2 - musician and secretary Xuan Ming is lucky.png
picture 2 – musician and secretary Xuan Ming is lucky

And they saw suddenly a Vision:

VIDEO: (Lao tse and his new master student) https://youtu.be/myAwsBoWq6Q

(to be continued…)
______________________________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner
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¹) Claudio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643) – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claudio_Monteverdi

»Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster. A composer of both secular and sacred music, and a pioneer in the development of opera, he is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history.«

»[…] Monteverdi’s early musical training, or evidence that (as is sometimes claimed) he was a member of the Cathedral choir […]. Monteverdi’s first published work, a set of motets, Sacrae cantiunculae (Sacred Songs) for three voices, was issued in VENICE in 1582, when he was only fifteen years old.«

²) »L’Orfeo – Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%27Orfeo
L’Orfeo, sometimes called La favola d’Orfeo [la ˈfaːvola dorˈfɛːo], is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio. It is based on the Greek legend of Orpheus, and tells the story of his descent to Hades and his fruitless attempt to bring his dead bride Eurydice back to the living world. It was written in 1607 for a court performance during the annual Carnival at Mantua. While Jacopo Peri’s Dafne is generally recognised as the first work in the opera genre, and the earliest surviving opera is Peri’s Euridice, L’Orfeo is the earliest that is still regularly performed.«

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278. An additional Mandolin Part

278. An additional Mandolin Part

And after they heard this Peony Gondola Music Palmina said:

„Oh, fine! From where does the music come? Is it from the little Schiaparelli City? There was an ancient street I remember…Can I hear the music again?“

And they dreamed that the Peony Gondola played again for them this music piece and Palma took his Mandolin and played a new additional Music part during the music.

Palmina smiled and thought silent „Hm, I can try this on my music instrument, hmm, hmm…“

Palma could feel that Palmina wants to play this Mandolin part on her music instrument and smiled more during he was playing and it sounds like this:

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/u2ATb4ADRHI

(to be continued…)
___________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story »Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

258 Le Zitelle Choir is singing Palma’s Hymnus on Cyprus Island

258 Le Zitelle Choir is singing Palma’s Hymnus on Cyprus Island

And after they saw this Peony Gondola Vision they continued to dream their Peony Gondola dream like that:

„Palma?“
„Hmm?“
„I do rehearsal so much so my fingers have pain…“

Palma smiled, looked into her beautiful eyes and after a while he took her talented hands and kissed them soft and tender.

After that vision they saw this Peony Gondola Vision:

* * *

Today Palma always looked at the sky and he saw a beautiful cloud heart like that:

  picture 1 – cloud heart at the skydav

„This is a heart from my Pigeon…She thinks on me…“, Palma thought and he looked to the sky.

* * *

Two weeks later.

„Our ship is going the right course. In a few days we are there…“, the Capitain of the Sailing ship said to Palma il Giovane.
A soft wind was now in their face and hairs.
Palma smiled.
Palmina smiled as he saw again a heart on the sky like that:

dav

     picture 2 of heart on the sky

* * *

During Palmina made again rehearsal in her room over the big Place, in Pafos on Cyrus Island she heard suddenly music down at the ancient place.
As Palmina heard the music she felt no paint on her finger.
This time Palmina is doing rehearsal very much on her Lute and  this makes her finger pain a little bit.
But after Palma’s music inspiration for Pianosolo she felt healthy. (Palmina likes to hear this music via the Peony Gondola)

* * *

Today it was again a sunny day, Palmina heard a music outside.
A good girls choir is doing rehearsal down at the big ancient place.

And now they started to make music with all their instruments.

„Oh…this is…“, Palmina said surprised.

She looked out of her window to see the musicians.
She smiled and saw: This is Palma!
My Palma il Giovane is playing the Mandolin! Oh, he playes our secret deep love melody…‘, Palmina said and listened also to the music a while.
„…oh he brought the most famous Singer of Armenia….
What a honour for our small island!
Yes, here on Cyprus Island my mother-side-relative Catharina Cornaio was the last Queen of Zyprus Island in the 15th century and she was also the Queen of Armenia…and  a Byzantine Princess. She was also a honour citizen of the Republic of Venice….“
Palmina smiled and had tears in her eyes.
„Yes, this is my Palma. He comes with the famous Venetian Eurasian Ensemble from Venice  to make a performance for me on that beautiful place here in our city Pafos.
Oh, Signora Ming from the Ming dynasty, living now also at Giudecca Island with her family,  playes the Pipa part…“
This chinese family came once officially protected by the Republic of Venice, from that Pacific Island to move to Venice.
Now Palmina took her own Pipa Lute and started to play the secret love melody together with the performance down at the big place where hundreds of people and children were standing to listen this little open air concert.

All the members of this Venice Titian Art Gallery music ensemble played with all their heart and the people could feel it.
Maybe also because Palmina played in this  moment from her window with her lute happy smiling with them. Palmina’s innocent cheeks turned colourful light-red.
„Oh, my Palma, my composer, my painter, my writer…he took all this long way from Venice with a ship to make a concert for me, to express his sympathy and love to me…Oh, Palma… Oh, my Palma!“, Palmina thought during she played and she made a deep sigh.

And the music she heard was like that:

  VIDEO: ( Hymnus of Cultures Wasserwelt fest 2019 https://youtu.be/OvjKxpeJjfE )

* * *

After they saw the Peony Gondola Vision they looked out of their Peony Gondola over the colorful  horizon with a beautiful evening sunset at the longest day in the year.

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picture 3 + 4 of sunset at the longest day in the year with heart at the sky

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Palmina smiled and she put her head on Palmas side. Palma put his arm around her and kissd her on her head tender

* * *

         (to be continued…)
___________________________________
Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:
ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

230. Tender Messages from the Island of the „Daughter of Saint Mark“

230. Tender Messages from the Island of the „Daughter of Saint Mark“

„Love is not a illusion,
Love is not only a feeling,
But Love will remain if all other things are gone.
Gerald Spitzner“

 

Portrait_of_Caterina_Coronaro_1542_uffizi_florence_Titian (1)

picture – Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, Queen of Armenia, Byzantium Princess and „Daughter of Saint Mark“ *) painted by Master Titian

At this eternal Peony Gondola Hour at 23 o’clock Palmina was lucky to hear that music from Palma“s heart.

After this music vision Palmina raised her head, smiled and said now with her soft innocent voice:
„Oh, Palma, my composer! You made me so happy with your 4 Strings variation…“
Palma smiled and answered „Oh, my Pigeon my inspiration, even if we would live on two different places, we would be connected with the help of our Peony Gondola.“
„Yes, Palma, we would think on each other every day, every moment.“, Palmina said with a big smile.

„Can you remember the years between 1578 and 1580 or so…you have been several times in Cyprus Island and wanted to write a letter to me?…“

„Yes, Palma, how could I forget this…“

And now they saw this Peony Gondola Vision:

* * *

Palmina sat on her little table on her little window, her music instruments beside her, and looked out of her little window over her little garden.

She saw a bird flying from tree to tree.
„Oh, I want to write a letter or message to my Jacopo Palma il Giovane, I love him so much…“

And she started to write a nice, beautiful letter to Palma. After she did this she moved her head a little bit left and a little bit right to proof if it is written good and nice.

She wrote:“

Cyprus Island, 15..
Dear beloved Palma!

Today I thought all the day how I can send you a message.
There is no secure way to a message from my island since the island was taken 1572, and the Christian Church had been destroyed from the „holy war worrier“.

Today in the north over 300 citizens had been attaked and killed, over 500 citizens are injured at the north part of the island.
I think the island will be divided in a north and a south part in the future.
I am living in the south-west part and there is no war here and no terror but they are stealing our letters.
Palma, during my concert tour here I suddenly found out that my father, who left mother for an other women, started secret business relations with the enemies of our republic of Venice. Isn’t it terrible?
I am not sure, but I feel that the dark sugar earth social network administrators have secret business relation to the Vatican State. The people here say a mighty cardinale will be arrested soon.
But to write a secure letter it is not possible, also here in the south west part of my island.
We all feel isolated here if we get not soon HELP FROM EUROPE.
Palma, I want to communicate with you.
Why we can not get rid of the letter stealing dark sugar earth organisation?
Communication should be a basic right!
I visited the historic place of my ancient relatives from the 14th century. How beautiful Master Titian painted the relative of my mother…
Here is a copy of the painting and it is also very good.
My beloved Palma, I want to tell you that I am planing to play some compositions from you, especially your „Loredan Mass in G-Major“ for Choir and Orchestra.
I found a nice Choir Master and he wants to perform parts of your composition from you, here on my Island here.
I remember as you composed the first movement on your Mandolin solo, standing under my little window in the „Calle de la Pieta“ in Venice to express your inspiration and love to me.
Oh, Palma, I want to come back to Venice. I think the Vatican-business-friends from the north are reading my letter and controlling my private contacts.
We have to see us today again in our secret Peony Gondola to make music over a big distance, to speak with each other over a big distance and to hug over a big distance.

Hope you will get my message.
Il tell this message as music message to my birds in my garden.
Their communication system is more secure and faster than the human mail system.

With much love
Your you deeply loving
Palmina Albina“

And Palmina took her music instrument and started to play wonderfully.

The little colorful bird landed on her window and wanted to listen to her music message. Palmina transformed her music message into a beautiful melody.
The other birds on the trees looked interested and stopped to sing just to hear Palmina.
After Palmina ended the bird flew lucky away, made a little round in the air and flew to another bird far away.
Then the bird sung Palmina’s melody and the other bird listened.
Later this other bird flew lucky away and flew far, far away to another bird over the sea and landed at another bird and sung the Melody.
Yes, and also this bird brought the secret music message for Palma to another bird, and so on…
After a few days a bird landed at Palma’s window in Venice, the city of love and art, and tweeted friendly and lucky.
Palma stood up from his new drawing he was in that moment creating.
He smiled and understood.
Very heartfelt and exactly he is listening to the sweet music love message from his Pigeon Palmina.
Palma understood every word of her letter and thanked to the little Pigeon, who brought the message from Cyprus Island.

* * *

As they saw this Peony Gondola Vision Palma said with a sigh in his voice:

„Yes, this was a miracle, I suddenly understood the bird language, Palmina, I love you…“,

„… the message as secret music from the birds: This was a funny idea, Palma.“

And suddenly they saw a new Peony Gondola Vision in another century:

* * *

„You may not speak with Pamina now…“ a priest voice said.

Suddenly they saw the famous composer Mozart sitting beside his sweet sister Nannerl on their family piano.

Mozart took the beautiful talented hands of Nannerl and kissed them tender and said:
„Natschi, Tschini fibi!
… Nannerl, how do you love my creation „The magic flute“, hmmmmmmmm? “

And he kissed her cheeks fast, hoping she likes it.

Nannerl, was shy and smiled:“ Oh, Amadeus. I love it very much…the music but, why the prince can not speak with his deep tender love Pamina at the beginning?“

„Oh, Yes, my inspiration, my sweet yellow canary bird. The Prince and Pamina are not allowed to speak with each other because they should learn to communicate from heart to heart without words.
But, one thing is allowed for them:
To make music during the time of spiritual growing and spiritual development – the time of silence.“

Nannerl said : “ But, Pamina loves him and she wants to talk with him. The prince can not explain her that this time of silence is only a short time…so he composes for her little music pieces on his instrument…“

Mozart said fast:“ …they are going to be a spiritual pair and they are having a spiritual marriage at the end of my opera!“

„A spiritual marriage? Woooo, like Saint Cecilia made it once? Like the saint of music did it…?“, Nannerl said beeing very lucky and inspired,
„But, they made music for each other during the time of silence, to feel each other inside their hearts, to learn to love each other outside the body., inside their hearts and dreams.“

VIDEO: (Mozart, scene from „The magic flute“, fire and water proof during flute music) https://youtu.be/OpIbH2kl-tU

(to be continued…)

_____________________________

Read also the other CHAPTERS of this story
»Palma il Giovane – The Peony Gondola« here:

ALL CHAPTER OVERVIEW:
https://geraldspitzner.wordpress.com/palma-il-giovane-the-peony-gondola-by-gerald-spitzner

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*) „Daughter of Saint Mark“ is a symbolic honour titel (read more below)

Catherine Cornaro – Wikipedia – https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Cornaro

Catherine Cornaro (Greek: Αικατερίνη Κορνάρο, Venetian: Catarina Corner) (25 November 1454 – 10 July 1510) was the last monarch of the Kingdom of Cyprus. She was queen consort of Cyprus by marriage to James II of Cyprus, regent of Cyprus during the minority of her son James III of Cyprus in 1473–1474, and finally queen regnant of Cyprus. She reigned from 26 August 1474 to 26 February 1489 and was declared a „Daughter of Saint Mark“

Her live was the topic of 5 composed Opera:

* Franz Lachner (Katharina Cornaro, 1841, Libretto von de Saint-Georges),
* Donizetti (Catharina Cornaro, Neapel 1844),
* Jacques Fromental Halévy (La reine de Chypre) and
* Michael William Balfe (The daughter of St. Mark, 1844)