417. Palma’s new Chapter about Uncle Vily
And as Palma finished his new chapter about his remembering of Uncle Vily from the 20th century he showed Palmina his new text:
Uncle Vily – Back to Earth
[22.] Mars, Venus, Mercury
60 years ago, at Uncle Viliy’s time, they had no fast and powerful computers and also no really automatic space ships who could made a lot of photos from an other planet. Of course, they sent automatic probe space ships to the planets like Mercury, Venus, Mars and they made photos, but it was not possible to remote control in real time and to react very efficiently..
A remote controlled probe space ship cloud not fly very near along the surface of planet Venus in real-time: So man-mission space exploration was the only option to explore the surface of an other planet and to make photos during the tight flight.
Today of course, we have very good computers on board of automatic probe space ships, and they are getting smaller and smaller, better and faster.
They can be remote controlled from earth and it is no more necessary to send humans on a planet. It is cheaper, faster, more secure and nearly without any risk for loosing the life astronauts.
Today, over 60 years later, no one would send again 20 astronauts to Mars to build there a big space station.
[ picture 1 ] Mars-Space-Station after over 60 years
It took so much time to install the space-station there at the beginning.
All this cosmic radiation, radio-active radiation, all the danger – and all this only to bring some pictures and photos home to earth to show how the surface of an other world is looking like:
If I remember all my uncle said and what the others uncles remembers about uncle Vily – they said it was very hard for the astronauts and not very funny.
If you are once on Mars you cannot come back to earth without being changed.
From the point of view of the medicine you can survive for maximum 1 year back on earth.
The human body and its biological functions are changing completely on Mars – Every night at 12.p.m. the magnetic field on Mars changes suddenly 20 times stronger than on earth. This and maybe much other factors are the reason why a human can only survive, back on earth, not more than 12 months, than he dies.
So my Uncle died after one year.
His message is: No man missions space exploration to other planets if it is not really necessary! Remote controlled probe space ships help to do this much better!
On Uncle Vily’s birthday – the 9th of August – I remember that afternoon as it was yesterday – he came back to the family house with garden and as he came in his room on the 1st floor he saw that I have opened the box with the materiel for his Venus-Mission-novel for children. He stood in the door and smiled because, I think, he was lucky that I was reading as first child in history his novel.
“Uncle Vily? You made not only photos and filming… There are also audio recordings…”
“Ah, yes, Gerald. This is interesting…”
and he sat to me on his scientific table with all his astronomic calculations,
“…this has a little previous story:
In my novel I do not describe this but our colleagues had been the first in the orbit of Planet Venus.
[ picture 2 ] -170°C in the clouds of the Pol Region of Planet Venus
They did not fly down to the surface of Venus like we did it, because we did not know if there is also a permanent wind like in the clouds with a speed of 500km per hour. And we also discovered that there are -170°C temperature in the clouds on the Pole region. We did not know which temperature will be at continent Ishtar Terra at the surface of the planet. Is it snowing or melting hot there…
We had to send a probe ship to make also little drilling in the surface of Venus at the Oceans and at the land side and we made a high quality audio recording…”
“Wow, can I hear it?”
“Yes, look I have a copy of the original tape…”
“..Oh, this is an high quality sound document from Planet Venus! Did they transmit it to earth as radio broadcast – but how?”
In the first mission the colleagues did try to send it as radio-transmission to the orbit station but it had too much sound-interference maybe from the thunder electricity at the thin clouds around Venus.”
“But how this audio recording came to earth if a direct radio transmission of the audio recording was not possible?”
“Yes, that’s why a man mission to the orbit of Venus was realized.
To have control about the probe ship to make some remote controlled fine navigation without any risk on human life and to navigate the automatic probe ship on its way back to the orbit station so thy could get the audio recording, the photos and drilling probe.”
“So I see: this way they made their first Venus explorations. And what was the result of the probe material?”
“They find out that it is not very windy on the surface of Venus. It is not that dangerous as we thought and the probe ship was secure enough to transport a small team of astronauts and also a little Venus-dragon-fly rocket helicopter.
And with the remote-probe-ship, which was exactly similar constructed as the later man-mission-space-ship-lander, we cloud also try out the landing procedure and the starting back procedure directly flying in the heaven through the upper Y-epsilon arm, which seems to be a stable windows corridor within the thick clouds of Planet Venus.
And the stone material from the Venus Ocean area had the same chemical structure like on the Ocean ground on our planet earth. This was a breakthrough: This means that Venus has the same oceanic history like planet earth, otherwise such material would never be the same like the ocean ground at Earth.
So after that mission it was clear that a man mission to Venus was possible with our technical equipment. Of course in 50 years this will also not be necessary to send man on Venus, Mars or Ceres because programmed remote controlled robot probe ship can do this work much better – but in my generation (the time before you have been born) our technical possibilities were not developed enough to make remote-ship missions. Our automatic ternary calculators are very heavy and can only help to make an automatic landing or start.
But in the future it will not be necessary to send humans to the surface on Venus because the computer-based automatic navigation can better be assisted in the next century.”
* * *
As I hold the scientific material in my hand I saw a sheet of paper with a little Planet near sun and I asked him about these calculations:
“Oh, Gerald this was the calculation for an unrealized Mammut project. The Tyche-Mercury-Venus-Mars-Ceres-Mission”
“You mean they planed a man mission fly also to Mercury…?”
“Yes, Gerald! A plan was to send a 40 man team to the planets, also to Mercury, Venus, then a flyby to earth to increase travel speed and then send 20 astronauts to Mars, others to make a little space station on planet Ceres.”
The space ship was planed to be a double sized space ship then in the Mars Mission, I described it in the novel. It should also have an artificial gravitation with a concentric rotation hall with rooms for the astronauts to sleep inside the rotating spaceship cylinder. Look here are the plans of such a space-ship, never realized, but it was completely planed till the Ceres-Mission. Every second was also planed by a huge scientific team….Look here, Gerald…”
This was like Christmas for me, to see such a huge space mission project and I looked for a while without speaking on all the papers and calculations and graphics and drawings…
“But, but what was so interesting about Planet Mercury?”
“There is an interesting crater, Gerald. Look here on the Globe…
There is never sunlight shining and this crater has frozen water. There they wanted to make a big space station like on Mars with a mobile solar-shield.”
“A big space station on Mercury with a team?”
“Yes, 17 Astronauts should live there and explore the Planet within 3 years…”
“But is it not much hotter than on Venus there?”
“Oh, no, the surface has a few hundred degrees Celsius. Not so hot like on the Equator of Venus at midday. But look, the night side is also very cold.
Special Solar Dragon-Fly helicopter with ionic-rocket power should make it possible to fly a few meters over Planet Mercury without touching the surface. Special isolation helps to protect from UV-Light from the sun. There they can make photos, filming etc…”
“But what is so interesting to do this, Uncle Vily?”
“Yes, we had some interesting photos from the automatic probe ships with old structures like buildings, like we got from Venus, from Mars and from Ceres.
The 17 astronauts had the Mission to document the fact that millions of years ago someone tried to colonize or to live on Mercury.
Also interesting is the analysis of the Water on Mercury in the frozen Ice and the analysis of the orange colored atmosphere of Mercury.”
“Mercury has an orange colored atmosphere?”
“Yes, a very thin, Gerald, and the 17 men team was also planed to help to keep the contact between the 20 astronauts on Mars and the 3 astronauts on Ceres with the Earth Station…”
“You mean they help to transmit text messages between Mars and Earth but why on Mercury, so far away from Mars and Earth?”
“As you could read in our Mars-Mission Novel there is a repeating constellation between Mars and Earth: At that time of over a half year the sun is between Mars and Earth. That means: NO RADIO-TRANSMISSION-CONTACT between Earth and Mars for over 6 months and of course no contact between Ceres and Earth, because Ceres is far behind the night-side of Mars during the Mars-Mission. And look: at the planet constellation in our solar system: Here is Mercury. If Mars sends first to Mercury and Mercury transmits to earth station: Earth can answer.”
“This is great, but why not using also an Orbital Team at Venus?”
“It was not clear if Venus will have Thunder and electricity in the thick clouds and this maybe disturbers radio-contact.
And, Gerald, this is also interesting:
Planet Mercury is also rotating very, very slow like Venus. This means it is possible also to fly along the day-night terminator – the border line area between day and night on Planet Mercury. The line is moving very slow (on Venus it is moving only 6000 meter per hour (6km/h) this is slow like running slowly along the planet.
And we have also the same advantage like on Venus: along the day-night shadow it is much cooler than on the day-side.
So if there is a reason to land on the surface of Mercury during an exploration-flight and to walk along there, to take probes, photos and so on, the Planets‘ surface has not over hundreds of degrees Celsius and this is not dangerous.”
[ picture 3 ] North Pole Region of Planet Mercury with Shadow Regions with Ice
“Oh, Uncle Vily, so the exploration flying team is starting from that “Shadow crater” and is carefully flying along the day-night-zone to make photos from the entire planet. So they fly from pole to pole and backwards, isn’t it?”
“Yes, but they have to choose the right day-night horizon…”
“Why this?…They can fly along the morning or evening zone from the same Pole-Shadow-crater – what makes the difference?”
“Yes, they can do this for the first test flights and this makes no difference to fly along the morning or at the evening twilight zone. But if they make a longer exploration flight this could be dangerous…Do you know why, Gerald?”
“Hmmmm…” and I remember looking intensive at the Planet-Mercury-Globe on Uncle Vily’s tables trying to find the answer.
With my fingers I moved from the pole where the icy-cold-”shadow-crater” is and tried to fly along the morning-day-night-border at the east-horizon and also at the west-horizon.
“No Idea…only that the sun is rising from the east horizon and the strong sunlight will shine very flat from the left side and at the west evening horizon the sun will shine flat from the right side during the flight, seen from the right window of the Mercury-Dragon-Fly-Ionic-Rocket-helicopter…Am I right?”
“Look, Gerald, flying along the morning east horizon has the same warming-up effect like on Venus, but this all without a thick cloud in between.
This means the sunlight is slowly heating up the ground of the Planet and during your flight it is becoming hotter and hotter. But if you flight along the west-evening horizon the sun is slowly setting and it is getting cooler and cooler.”
“Oh, I understand in a case of an emergency landing they are not going to be grilled slowly be the sun and the hot stone ground of Planet Mercury!”
“Yes, you understand very fast the problem….”
Uncle Vily was proud that I understood all these thinks so fast although I am a child of a musician family since generations and my field is more art and inspiration. I composed a lot of music pieces about planetary music and made some art-music-videos (I love the planets Symphony of Gustav Holst very much).
“But Uncle Vily, if the sun is setting on the right window side during filming to the north the exploration ionic-rocket-helicopter has also to move slowly to the right side, a little bit north-north west to have enough sunlight to see the surface of Planet Mercury, isn’t it? And they have also to have sunlight to load the battery of the helicopter with solar-energy!”
Uncly Villy was surprised that I followed all these consequent thoughts without previous explanations.
Yes, they have to fly sometimes directly in the west direction to get more sunlight and to land, to make a break, to take probes and photos, to walk around the planet and to refresh finally the electric batteries with the mobile solar shield with transforming sunlight into electricity.”
“I see, if they need more solar energy they fly more west for more stronger sunlight to refresh the batteries. But is it also possible to use the sunlight directly during flying?”
“Yes, theoretically, yes, but these heats up the cockpit of the helicopter – by the way this is not a helicopter with rotating wings like used on earth, but it is called “helicopter” because it can fly like a helicopter
– So if the cockpit is heated up so much, so much that it might could be a risk for overheating…. So now you see why they are not allowed to fly from pole to pole along the east-horizon. If they are loading their battery too long the sun is rising and it could be too late for a starting because of over-heating and the team needs an emergency pick up team from the basic-station in the “shadow crater” and that’s why we need 17 astronaut: to help each other…”
“Fascinating, Uncle Vily!!! So this inspection flight from the north to the south pole and from the south pole to the north pole is not easy so that a lot of astronauts are needed and they can change the pilots during the other pilots can make a rest or sleep in the helicopter.”
Uncle Vily gave me a draft of an other novel for children and the youth:
“…and as we had decided which astronauts will make the first test flights outside of our “Shadow-crater” the dragon-fly started at the same moment.
The first impression to see the sunlight coming very flat over surface of planet Mercury was unforgettable. The thin orange atmosphere was only visible along the horizon where the sun was shining.
One team has the special mission to make photos of the ice along the crater and inspect the landscape in the crater but our team is flying along the shadow line which is between day and night. The sunlight is coming very flat from the right side through our right window which has a very strong UV-filter. On the left side we see the reflection of the sunlight on the landscape which gives the mountains a very special atmosphere. We have always to fly a little bit to the right side following the setting sun to have enough light for orientation and making photos and filming…”
(to be continued…)